LAND MANAGEMENT & ITS EFFECTS ON INTENSITY OF THE URBAN HEAT ISLAND: A CASE STUDY ON CITY OF KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

Ilham Sayed Mahgoub Elsayed
Assistant professor
King Fisal University, Faculty of Architecture and planning
Eastern province, Dammam, 2397
Saudi
Arabiailhamsayed@yahoo.com, iselsayed@kfu.edu.sa

ABSTRACT

The study aims to find the effects of land management on the intensity of the urban heat island through a case study done on the city of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Two methodologies combined to study the urban heat island of the city; Weather Station Networks Method and Traverses Survey Method in December 2004. The study used the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to establish the colored contour maps of the urban heat island of the city. The study shows that, there is an increase in the intensity of the urban heat island of the city of Kuala Lumpur since last similar studies done in 1985.

The increase in the intensity of the urban heat island of the city is 1.5 o C. On the other hand, there is a remarkable change in the land use of the city of Kuala Lumpur since 1980 to 2004. The study shows that, while the intensity of the UHI of the city increased, the open space and recreational, residential, institutional, undeveloped and agricultural/ fishery/ forest lands of the city decreased.

Conversely the commercial, , road and rail reserves, cemetery, and educational lands increased. Thus, the study concludes that, the intensity of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) of the city of Kuala Lumpur is proportional to the commercial, road and rail reserves lands and inversely proportional to the open space and recreational, residential, institutional, and agricultural/ fishery/ forest lands. The study concludes that, the land management play an effective role in the intensity of the urban heat island. The more open spaces, recreational and agricultural/ fishery/ forest land the less intensity of urban heat island.

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