The Architecture of the Muslim Caliphate in Spain and North Africa (756-1500).

 

References

Bargebuhr, F. R. (1968) `The Alhambra, a cycle of studies in the 11th century in Moorish Spain’, Walter de Gruyer & Co. Berlin

 

Creswell ,K.A.C. (1958) `A Short Account of Early Muslim Architecture’, Penguin Books,

 

Choisy, A (1899) `Histoire de l’Architecture’, 2 /vols, Gauthier Villars, Paris.

 

Hoag, J.D. (1968) ‘Western islamic Architecture’, Studio Vista, London.

 

Hoag, J.D. (1987) ‘Islamic Architecture’, Faber & Faber, London

 

Hugo, Victor, (1968) ‘Les Orientales’. Garnier-Flammarion , Paris

 

Saladin, H. (1899) `La Grande Mosquee de Kairwan’, Paris.

 

Jairazbhoy, R. A. (1972) ‘An outline of Islamic architecture’, Asia Publishing House, Bombay.

 

Lambert, E. (1958) `Art Musulman et Art Chretien dans la Peninsul Iberique’, Editions Privat, Paris.

 

Male, E (1928) `Art et Artistes du Moyen Age’, Librairie Armand Colin, Paris.

 

Marçais, G. (1954)  ‘L’architecture musulmane d’occident : Tunisie, Algérie, Maroc, Espagne et Sicily‘, Arts et métiers graphiques, Paris.

 

 


[i] This work is being referred to for the dating purpose only, we must worn our readers that it is full of nonsense as the author devoted all his efforts to argue -without success- the Jewish origin of Al-Hambra as if Muslim civilisation in Andalusia was none but Jewish.

[i] Descending from Ibrahim Ibn Alghlab, the Emir designated by Harun al-Rashid (786-809)to rule North Africa

[ii] This date refers to the formal foundation of the Mosque, but the remaining structure belongs to two main periods.  The minaret is believed to belong to the Umayyad Caliph Hisham built between 724 and 727.  The rest of the structure belongs to the reign of the Aghlabid Emir Ziyadat Allah (began in 836).

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